10 a statement that explains how and why specific facts are related Ideas

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n of HYPOTHESIS

A hypothesis is an assumption, an idea that is proposed for the sake of argument so that it can be tested to see if it might be true.

In the scientific method, the hypothesis is constructed before any applicable research has been done, apart from a basic background review. You ask a question, read up on what has been studied before, and then form a hypothesis.

A hypothesis is usually tentative; it’s an assumption or suggestion made strictly for the objective of being tested.

A theory, in contrast, is a principle that has been formed as an attempt to explain things that have already been substantiated by data. It is used in the names of a number of principles accepted in the scientific community, such as the Big Bang Theory. Because of the rigors of experimentation and control, it is understood to be more likely to be true than a hypothesis is.

In non-scientific use, however, hypothesis and theory are often used interchangeably to mean simply an idea, speculation, or hunch, with theory being the more common choice.

Since this casual use does away with the distinctions upheld by the scientific community, hypothesis and theory are prone to being wrongly interpreted even when they are encountered in scientific contexts—or at least, contexts that allude to scientific study without making the critical distinction that scientists employ when weighing hypotheses and theories.

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The most common occurrence is when theory is interpreted—and sometimes even gleefully seized upon—to mean something having less truth value than other scientific principles. (The word law applies to principles so firmly established that they are almost never questioned, such as the law of gravity.)

This mistake is one of projection: since we use theory in general to mean something lightly speculated, then it’s implied that scientists must be talking about the same level of uncertainty when they use theory to refer to their well-tested and reasoned principles.

The distinction has come to the forefront particularly on occasions when the content of science curricula in schools has been challenged—notably, when a school board in Georgia put stickers on textbooks stating that evolution was “a theory, not a fact, regarding the origin of living things.” As Kenneth R. Miller, a cell biologist at Brown University, has said, a theory “doesn’t mean a hunch or a guess. A theory is a system of explanations that ties together a whole bunch of facts. It not only explains those facts, but predicts what you ought to find from other observations and experiments.”

While theories are never completely infallible, they form the basis of scientific reasoning because, as Miller said “to the best of our ability, we’ve tested them, and they’ve held up.”

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Hypothesis Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster

Hypothesis Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster

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  • Sumary: an assumption or concession made for the sake of argument; an interpretation of a practical situation or condition taken as the ground for action; a tentative assumption made in order to draw out…

  • Matching Result: A hypothesis is an assumption, an idea that is proposed for the sake of argument so that it can be tested to see if it might be true. In the …

  • Intro: Definition of HYPOTHESIS A hypothesis is an assumption, an idea that is proposed for the sake of argument so that it can be tested to see if it might be true. In the scientific method, the hypothesis is constructed before any applicable research has been done, apart from a basic…
  • Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hypothesis

What is a scientific theory? | Live Science

What is a scientific theory? | Live Science

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  • Sumary: A scientific theory is based on careful examination of facts.

  • Matching Result: A scientific theory is a structured explanation to explain a group of facts or phenomena in the natural world that often incorporates a …

  • Intro: What is a scientific theory? Home References scientific theory: a chalkboard being drawn on. (Image credit: Witthaya Prasongsin via Getty Images) A scientific theory is a structured explanation to explain a group of facts or phenomena in the natural world that often incorporates a scientific hypothesis and scientific laws. The…
  • Source: https://www.livescience.com/21491-what-is-a-scientific-theory-definition-of-theory.html

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What is a thesis statement? I need some examples, too. – FAQS

What is a thesis statement? I need some examples, too. - FAQS

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  • Sumary: What is a thesis statement?

  • Matching Result: A thesis statement clearly identifies the topic being discussed, includes the points discussed in the paper, and is written for a specific audience.

  • Intro: What is a thesis statement? I need some examples, too. What is a thesis statement? A thesis statement clearly identifies the topic being discussed, includes the points discussed in the paper, and is written for a specific audience. Your thesis statement belongs at the end of your first paragraph, also known…
  • Source: https://rasmussen.libanswers.com/faq/32467

1.6: Hypothesis, Theories, and Laws – Chemistry LibreTexts

1.6: Hypothesis, Theories, and Laws - Chemistry LibreTexts

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  • Sumary: Although many have taken science classes throughout the course of their studies, people often have incorrect or misleading ideas about some of the most important and basic principles in science. Most students have heard of hypotheses, theories,…

  • Matching Result: A fact is a basic statement established by experiment or observation. All facts are true under the specific conditions of the observation.

  • Intro: 1.6: Hypothesis, Theories, and Laws Last updated Save as PDF Page ID47443 Learning Objectives Describe the difference between hypothesis and theory as scientific terms. Describe the difference between a theory and scientific law. Although many have taken science classes throughout the course of their studies, people often have incorrect or…
  • Source: https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Map%3A_Introductory_Chemistry_(Tro)/01%3A_The_Chemical_World/1.03%3A_Hypothesis_Theories_and_Laws

Sociology 250 October 26, 1999 Social Facts and Suicide

Sociology 250 October 26, 1999 Social Facts and Suicide

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  • Sumary: Sociology 250

  • Matching Result: More generally, the method of Suicide is exemplary in providing researchers with a means of understanding the social factors that are associated with particular …

  • Intro: A Sociology 250 October 26, 1999 Social Facts and Suicide These notes have been translated into Swedish by Eric Karlsson A. Social Facts Durkheim defined social facts as things external to, and coercive of, the actor. These are created from collective forces and do not emanate from the individual (Hadden,…
  • Source: https://uregina.ca/~gingrich/o26f99.htm

Frequently Asked Questions About a statement that explains how and why specific facts are related

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic a statement that explains how and why specific facts are related, then this section may help you solve it.

Is a theory a justification for the relationships between particular facts?

In sociology, sociological perspectives, theories, or paradigms are complex theoretical and methodological frameworks used to analyze and explain objects of social study and facilitate organizing sociological knowledge. A theory is a statement explaining how and why specific facts are related.

An explanation of the connections between two or more facts is what?

A theory is a set of explanations that connects a number of facts, not only explaining them but also predicting the results of future observations and experiments.

What are the three theoretical angles?

The symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective are the three main theoretical perspectives used by sociologists today. These perspectives provide sociologists with theoretical paradigms for explaining how people are influenced by society and vice versa.

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What does social perspective look like in practice?

Public issues, whose source lies in the social structure and culture of a society, refer to social problems affecting many individuals, and thus help account for problems that individuals experience. Examples include various problems such as “eating disorders,” “divorce,” and “unemployment.”

How do theories differ from hypotheses?

A theory is a principle developed to explain the things already shown in data, whereas a hypothesis is an assumption made before any research has been done and is formed so that it can be tested to see if it might be true.

What is a theory or hypothesis statement?

A hypothesis is an educated guess based on specific data that serves as a foundation for further investigation. A theory is based on extensive data. It is based on limited data. A theory is proven and tested scientifically. A hypothesis explains a natural phenomenon that is validated through observation and experimentation.

Which of the following phrases provides a reliable foundation for forecasting future events and explains the relationship between two or more observable facts?

In a nutshell, a theory is an organized set of premises put forth to explain the connection between two or more observable facts and to serve as a reliable foundation for making predictions about the future.

Which of the two explanation types are they?

Deductive-nomological explanation, which involves enclosing the explanandum under a generalization from which it may be derived in a deductive argument (e.g., “All gases expand when heated; this gas was heated; therefore, this gas expanded?”), Causal explanation, and “All gases expand when heated”

What are the four contrasting theories?

According to sociologists (Zetterberg, 1965), there are at least four different types of theories: scientific theory, taxonomic theory, and theory as sociological criticism.

What are the three main social life theories?

However, sociologists would generally agree that the profession is primarily focused on three theoretical orientations: Structural Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism, and Conflict Perspective. These debates deserve attention from those within the field.

Which four types of sociology are there?

The basic distinction, however, is between micro-sociology and macro-sociology. The study of cultural rules of politeness in conversation is an example of micro-sociology. Sociologists divide the study of society into four separate levels of analysis: micro, meso, macro, and global.

What are three sociological examples?

Studies on social movements, the interaction between culture and society, and the impact of communication on human behavior are a few examples of sociology.

The seven subfields of sociology are what?

Social organization, social psychology, social change, human ecology, population and demographics, applied sociology, and sociological methods and research are the seven subfields of sociology.

The five subfields of sociology are what.

Key terms for each of the five fundamental sociological viewpoints—Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Social Action Theory, and Postmodernism—are defined.

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