10 compare the physical properties of the asthenosphere and the lithosphere Ideas

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The Lithosphere and Asthenosphere

Can you think of a solid that can flow?

toothpaste

You use one twice a day! Toothpaste is a solid that can flow. Is the asthenosphere made of toothpaste? Only if the toothpaste is ultramafic in composition, and then it would only be able to flow if it were really, really hot. Still the toothpaste analogy gives you a good image of how the asthenosphere might behave if you squeezed it!

Lithosphere

The lithosphere is composed of both the crust and the portion of the upper mantle that behaves as a brittle, rigid solid. The lithosphere is the outermost mechanical layer, which behaves as a brittle, rigid solid. The lithosphere is about 100 kilometers thick. How are crust and lithosphere different from each other?

The definition of the lithosphere is based on how Earth materials behave, so it includes the crust and the uppermost mantle, which are both brittle. Since it is rigid and brittle, when stresses act on the lithosphere, it breaks. This is what we experience as an earthquake.

Although we sometimes refer to Earth’s plates as being plates of crust, the plates are actually made of lithosphere.

Asthenosphere

The asthenosphere is solid upper mantle material that is so hot that it behaves plastically and can flow. The lithosphere rides on the asthenosphere.

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Summary

  • The lithosphere is the brittle crust and uppermost mantle.
  • The asthenosphere is a solid but it can flow, like toothpaste.
  • The lithosphere rests on the asthenosphere.

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Watch this video to answer the questions that follow:

  1. What does he mean by the mechanical properties of a layer?
  2. In the compositional model: What is the outermost layer? What are the two types of this layer and what are their main features?
  3. What is the next layer down? What are its main features?
  4. What is the deepest layer? Why is this the densest layer?
  5. What is the composition of this layer?
  6. What is the lithosphere?
  7. What are the mechanical properties of the material below the lithosphere and what is the layer called?
  8. What is the composition and mechanical property of the mesosphere relative to the asthenosphere?

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Reading: The Lithosphere and Asthenosphere | Geology

Reading: The Lithosphere and Asthenosphere | Geology

  • Author: courses.lumenlearning.com

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  • Sumary: Can you think of a solid that can flow?

  • Matching Result: The lithosphere is composed of both the crust and the portion of the upper mantle that behaves as a brittle, rigid solid. The lithosphere is the outermost …

  • Intro: Reading: The Lithosphere and Asthenosphere Can you think of a solid that can flow? You use one twice a day! Toothpaste is a solid that can flow. Is the asthenosphere made of toothpaste? Only if the toothpaste is ultramafic in composition, and then it would only be able to flow…
  • Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/geo/chapter/reading-the-lithosphere-and-asthenosphere/

The Different Properties of the Asthenosphere & the Lithosphere

The Different Properties of the Asthenosphere & the Lithosphere

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  • Sumary: The asthenosphere and lithosphere form the outermost layers of the Earth: The asthenosphere is part of the upper mantle, the lithosphere is the uppermost mantle and the crust is above it. Differences…

  • Matching Result: The lithosphere encompasses the very top of the mantle above the asthenosphere as well as the overlying crust. In comparison to the hot, fluid …

  • Intro: The Different Properties of the Asthenosphere & the Lithosphere The asthenosphere and lithosphere compose the outermost concentric layers of the Earth: The first encompasses much of the upper mantle, while the lithosphere includes the uppermost mantle and the overlying crust, welded together in the form of tectonic plates. Though humans…
  • Source: https://sciencing.com/different-properties-asthenosphere-lithosphere-8447830.html

Differing Physical Properties of the Earth

Differing Physical Properties of the Earth

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  • Sumary: PLANET EARTH:

  • Matching Result: These different properties divide the mantle and crust into three strength … The lithosphere is the top layer of the physical properties divisions.

  • Intro: Untitled PLANET EARTH: PROBING BEYOND THE SURFACE by Rebecca Hotz and Kristen Schmidt Chapter Outline I. Introduction: Why You Should Care II. The Composition of the Earth III. Differing Physical Properties of the Earth Mesosphere Asthenosphere Lithosphere IV. Types of Crust Continental Oceanic V. Plates of the Earth VI. Plate…
  • Source: https://websites.umich.edu/~gs265/plate.htm

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What is the Difference Between the Asthenosphere and the …

What is the Difference Between the Asthenosphere and the ...

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  • Sumary: Learn about the difference between the asthenosphere and the lithosphere, including descriptions of both mechanical layers of the Earth.

  • Matching Result: The layers of the Earth can be organized by composition (what they are made of) or mechanical properties (how they move). The lithosphere is …

  • Intro: What is the Difference Between the Asthenosphere and the Lithosphere? The lithosphere and asthenosphere are both mechanical layers of the Earth. The layers of the Earth can be organized by composition (what they are made of) or mechanical properties (how they move). The lithosphere is made up of the crust…
  • Source: https://theproductiveteacher.com/earth-science/what-is-the-difference-between-the-asthenosphere-and-the-lithosphere-2/

Differences between the Earths' Lithosphere and Asthenosphere

Differences between the Earths' Lithosphere and Asthenosphere

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  • Sumary: Differences between the Earths’ Lithosphere and Asthenosphere Our World i.e. Earth, is the third planet from the sun and the only planet known to maintain life. This layer that maintains life…

  • Matching Result: Comparison of the Lithosphere and Asthenosphere ; Rocks are under much less pressure forces, Rocks are under immense pressure forces ; Chemical …

  • Intro: Differences between the Earths’ Lithosphere and Asthenosphere | Difference Between Our World i.e. Earth, is the third planet from the sun and the only planet known to maintain life. This layer that maintains life on earth is called the lithosphere. The Lithosphere is composed of the crust and upper most…
  • Source: http://www.differencebetween.net/science/differences-between-the-earths-lithosphere-and-asthenosphere/

Frequently Asked Questions About compare the physical properties of the asthenosphere and the lithosphere

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic compare the physical properties of the asthenosphere and the lithosphere, then this section may help you solve it.

What three asthenosphere characteristics set it apart from the lithosphere?

Lithosphere and asthenosphere comparison

Lithosphere Asthenosphere
Characterized as elastic and less ductile Has a higher degree of ductility than the lithosphere
Ranges from a depth of 80km and 200 km below the earths surface Extends to a depth of 700km below the earths’ surface

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What are the lithosphere’s physical characteristics?

The atmosphere above and the asthenosphere (another part of the upper mantle) below form the boundaries of the lithosphere, which is composed of the crust and the brittle upper part of the mantle, the outermost layers of the Earth’s structure.

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What are the asthenosphere’s physical characteristics?

The interaction of temperature and pressure on asthenospheric materials results in a material that can be described as plastic-like, with significantly less rigidity than the lithosphere above it.

How do the asthenosphere’s physical attributes compare to those of the lithosphere, according to the quizlet?

b>The athenosphere is a plastic or malleable region of Earth’s interior, whereas the lithosphere is a liquified rock layer. Both are capable of flow. The athenosphere is plastic or malleable and capable of slow flow.

What distinguishes the lithosphere from the atmosphere?

The lithosphere is the solid portion of the Earth, which includes the rocks and mountains, the hydrosphere is the liquid portion of the Earth, which includes the rivers, lakes, and oceans. The atmosphere is the space above the Earth’s surface, which includes the air that we all breathe.

What distinguishes the lithosphere from the asthenosphere, brainily?

The asthenosphere is the layer below the lithosphere, which is composed of the uppermost weaker layer of the mantel, and the lithosphere is the layer beneath the asthenosphere, which is composed of the Earth’s crust and the uppermost solid layer of the mantel.

What features of the asthenosphere permit the movement of the lithosphere?

Convection currents produced in the asthenosphere push magma upward through volcanic vents and spreading centers to create new crust. Heat from deep within Earth is thought to keep the asthenosphere malleable, lubricating the undersides of Earth’s tectonic plates and allowing them to move.

How are the structures of the lithosphere and asthenosphere different?

The asthenosphere is made up of partially molten upper mantle material that behaves plastically and can flow, while the lithosphere is made up of the crust and the part of the upper mantle that behaves as a brittle, rigid solid.

What distinguishes the asthenosphere’s constituents from the lithosphere’s constituents?

Because the rocks in the asthenosphere are more ductile than those in the lithosphere and can flow like silly putty instead of just bending or breaking, the asthenosphere is made up of tectonic plates, which is the main distinction between the two.

Choose all that apply. How does the lithosphere differ from the asthenosphere?

The lithosphere, which lies over the asthenosphere and is the reason why oceanic ridges are higher than the rest of the sea floor, tends to break, whereas the asthenosphere tends to flow.

What distinguishes the asthenosphere quizlet from the lithosphere plates?

The asthenosphere is where convection currents drive the plates apart and is made up of Upper Mantle Flowing. Oceanic crust is dense and thin, while continental crust is thick but less dense. The lithosphere is the tectonic plate and is made up of crust (continental and oceanic), Moho line, and Upper Mantle Rigid.

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