Below is information and knowledge on the topic how did characteristics of british colonization differ from spanish colonization gather and compiled by the show.vn team. Along with other related topics like: How did Spanish colonies differ from French and English colonies, What does Anglicization mean what are examples of this occurring, Why can the Pueblo Revolt be seen as a WATERSHED event in Spanish colonial history, What were three reasons for the growth of slavery, how did the enlightenment encourage colonial resistance?, Similarities between Spanish and English colonization, what is mercantilism? how did colonists get around this policy?, Similarities between Spanish and French colonization.
(1607 – 1754)
Why were these years chosen for this period?
1607 marks the beginning of the establishment of permanent English colonies with Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. England became a significant colonizer during this time period and competed with other European countries. Furthermore, 1754 marks the beginning of the 7 Years War (French and Indian) predominantly between the English and the French.
Potential Short answer questions/Essays on this time period
· Comparing and Contrasting different British Colonies (Chesapeake and New England, for example)
· Comparing and Contrasting European Colonization (England and Spain, for example)
· Reasons for the growth of slavery and its consequences (Check out THIS video)
Key vocabulary terms to know for this time period:
Characteristics of Spanish colonization – focused on converting Natives and gaining wealth through tight control over colonies. (Think 3 Gs – period #1)
Characteristics of French and Dutch colonization – fewer inhabitants than other countries. The French and Dutch focused on trade (especially fur), alliances, and intermarriage with Native Americans.
Characteristics of English colonization – colonies were based on agriculture. English colonies saw a large number of men AND women inhabit the colonies. The English had relatively hostile relations with Native Americans.
Pueblo Revolt – Native American revolt in the late 17th century in present-day New Mexico against the Spanish. The Spanish were expelled for over 10 years. Once they regained control, the Spanish began to take a more accommodating approach to Natives and allowed some religious accommodation.
The Enlightenment – Time period that focused on reason and knowledge and promoted new ideas about government (natural rights, consent of the governed, separation of powers). These ideas helped influence the American Revolution.
Mercantilism – Economic policy that focuses on making money for the mother country. This policy favors a positive balance of trade for the mother country and the accumulation of gold and silver.
Anglicization – Process of colonies becoming and acting British. This was influenced by print culture (newspapers and writings) and communities based on English models.
Characteristics of New England colonies – founded by mostly Puritans, a group of like-minded individuals. These colonies tended to be close-knit and had longer life expectancies than other English colonies. The economy was a mix of farming and trade.
Characteristics of middle colonies – These colonies were the most diverse religiously and saw the most immigrants from Europe. The economy was based on grain.
Characteristics of southern colonies – The Chesapeake (Maryland and Virginia) relied on indentured servants initially, later replaced by African slaves. Staple crops like tobacco, rice, and sugar made the colonies prosperous.
Please answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper
1. For each of the following countries, provide a brief summary of the goals/characteristics of colonization in the Western Hemisphere. Please make sure you include the DEMOGRAPHICS – makeup of the population. Want more info? Check out THIS video.
· Dutch and French:
2. How did characteristics of British colonization differ from Spanish colonization?
3. What were three reasons for the development of the slave trade?
4. Why can the Pueblo Revolt be seen as a WATERSHED event in Spanish colonial history? (Make sure you know WATERSHED!) Need info on the Pueblo Revolt? Check out THIS video.
5. What does Anglicization mean? What are examples of this occurring?
6. What is Mercantilism? How did colonists get around this policy?
7. How did the Enlightenment encourage colonial resistance?
8. What were three reasons for the growth of slavery? Answers to the following questions on slavery can be found HERE.
9. Why did African slavery replace Native American slavery on the Encomienda System?
10. Why did African Slavery replace indentured servitude in the English colonies AFTER 1676? (Turning Point in American History)
11. What were two examples of slave resistance?
12. Complete the 3-way Venn diagram below on the characteristics English colonial regions. (Think politics, economics, religion, demographics, labor systems, etc.
If you need further assistance, watch THIS video and THIS video.
Document Analysis 1
“For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. So that if we shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.”
– John Winthrop, 1630
1. How does Winthrop view his people?
2. What would happen to Winthrop’s people if they did not follow through with their mission?
3. What is the Purpose of Winthrop’s speech?
Document Analysis 2
“God requireth not a uniformity of religion to be enacted and enforced in any civil state; which enforced uniformity sooner or later is the greatest occasion of civil war, ravishing of conscience, persecution of Christ Jesus in his servants, and of the hypocrisy and destruction of millions of souls.”
– Roger Williams, “A Plea For Religious Liberty” – 1644
Need help with this document? Check out THIS quick video.
1. How does Williams view religious toleration?
2. How does this differ from John Winthrop?
3. What is the Purpose of Williams’ speech?
Document Analysis 3
“Be it enacted … no goods or merchandizes whatsoever shall be imported into, or exported out of, any colony or plantation to his Majesty, in Asia, Africa, or America … in any ship or bottom, but what is or shall be of the built of England, Ireland, or the said colonies or plantations … and navigated with the masters and three fourths of the mariners of the said places only … under pain of forfeiture of ships and goods.”
– Navigation Act, April 1696
Need help with this document? Check out THIS quick video.
1. What is the Purpose of this Act?
2. When England loosely enforced this law, that was an example of…….
3. What are implications of England loosely enforcing this law? (Think long-term consequences…..)
4. Who is the Intended Audience of this document?
Extra Information About how did characteristics of british colonization differ from spanish colonization That You May Find Interested
If the information we provide above is not enough, you may find more below here.
Period 2: Review Sheet – Smore
APUSH Unit 2 Notes: Context: European Colonization | Fiveable
Period 2: 1607-1754
Frequently Asked Questions About how did characteristics of british colonization differ from spanish colonization
If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic how did characteristics of british colonization differ from spanish colonization, then this section may help you solve it.
What distinguishes Spanish colonization from English colonization?
The English colonists, on the other hand, b>enjoyed far more freedom and were able to govern themselves as long as they abided by English law and were loyal to the king/b>. France and Spain, for example, were governed by autocratic sovereigns whose rule was absolute; their colonists went to America as servants of the Crown.
Which aspects of Spanish and English colonization were similar and which were different?
English had a wider variety of workers (farmers, indentured servants); spanish had a wide range of races; english was divided into puritans and pilgrims; spanish relied more on forced labor; spanish colonies were dominated by military personnel/missionaries.
Quiz: What distinguishes the English colonies from the Spanish colonies?
The English colonies were different from the Spanish colonies in that they were funded by joint-stock companies rather than their home countries, which cost money and siphoned off some of the English colonies’ wealth.
Which of the following best describes the primary distinction between Spanish and British colonial settlement?
The Spanish conquered lands and used the encomienda system to treat natives as slaves, whereas England’s objective was to establish settlements and drive Native Americans from conquered lands, using indentured servitude as a system of labor in place of slavery.
Early English colonies were comparable to Spanish ones when?
In the seventeenth century, England sent more people to the Americas than Spain did, and Native Americans along the Atlantic Coast experienced dramatic changes in their way of life due to disease and environmental factors.
What are the main distinctions between Spanish and English?
Spanish speakers have trouble distinguishing between vowel phonemes in words like seat and sit because Spanish has only five vowel sounds while English, depending on regional dialects, has more than 14.
What grammatical distinctions exist between Spanish and English?
In English, adjectives typically come before the noun, as in “red house,” whereas in Spanish, the most frequent sentence structure places adjectives after nouns, as in “casa roja,” this is one of the main grammar differences between these two languages.
What are the differences between Spanish and English culture?
Although there are many differences between Spain and the UK, one of the biggest is that the British are, on the whole, more serious and formal than the Spanish, which can be seen in their attitudes toward things like punctuality and the way they greet people.
What distinguished the colonial models of Spain, France, and England, in particular?
Spanish and French colonists only traveled to the Americas in search of fur trade, gold, and silver; English colonists went there in search of religious freedom and land.
What share the British and the Spanish?
There are many striking similarities between Spain and the UK, including both being constitutional monarchies and having long coastlines—though, in a unique twist, many Britons in both countries adore their respective coastlines.
What features of Spanish are distinct from those of English?
The wonderful thing about the Spanish alphabet is that, from a reading perspective, it’s basically the Latin alphabet we know and love. The only difference between the English and Spanish written alphabets is that Spanish has 27 letters, while English only has 26.