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arming change in the South after the Civil War? | Socratic
May 2, 2017
It shifted from slave plantations to sharecropping
After the Civil War, farming evolved in the South by shifting to sharecropping, it had been formerly based on slave plantations.
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Extra Information About how did farming change in the south after the civil war That You May Find Interested
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How did farming change in the South after the Civil War?
America's Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War
Sharecropping and Changes in the Southern Economy – PBS
Southern Agriculture since the Civil War: An Overview – JSTOR
"Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics"
Economic Development during the Civil War and Reconstruction
The Economics of American Farm Unrest, 1865-1900 – EH.net
Frequently Asked Questions About how did farming change in the south after the civil war
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How did the Civil War affect agriculture?
Mechanization of farming allowed a single farmer growing crops such as corn or wheat to plant, harvest, and process much more than was feasible when hand and animal power were the only tools available, leading to increased production in nearly every sector of the Union economy.
What effects did the Civil War have on the Southern economy?
The sudden disappearance of both capital and labor meant that the agricultural economy of the South had to be completely restructured. The war had abolished slavery, but in the process it had destroyed the southern banking system and eliminated a significant portion of the Southern antebellum capital stock.
How did farming work down south?
The majority of southern colonists lived on small family farms in the backcountry, away from the tidewater. Backcountry colonists farmed with the assistance of family members and perhaps one or two servants or slaves. The South was known for its large plantations, but small farms were much more common.
What transpired in the South’s agricultural sector during Reconstruction?
Out of the conflicts on the plantations, new systems of labor slowly emerged to replace slavery. During Reconstruction, many small white farmers, thrown into poverty by the war, entered into cotton production, a significant change from prewar days when they concentrated on growing food for their own families.
How did agriculture change following the war?
Higher yielding cultivars, herbicides, and fertilizers helped increase crop yields; labor use and costs decreased as mechanization levels rose; increases in income on dairy, upland, and small farms were slower because there was less room for mechanization.
How was the South affected by the Civil War?
The southern financial system was ruined, farms and plantations were destroyed, many southern cities, including Atlanta, Georgia, and Richmond, Virginia (the Confederacy’s capital), were burned to the ground, and Confederate currency was worthless after the war.
What kind of economy did the South have after the war?
The South’s Economy at the End of the War By the time of the US Civil War, the South had been economically devastated. By the middle of the war, food shortages had caused bread riots, and by 1865, they had spread throughout the [remaining parts of the] Confederacy.
Was farming a good fit for the South?
The growing season was longer here than anywhere else, the soil was good for farming, the climate was warm, with hot summers and mild winters, and the southern colonies’ economy was based on agriculture (farming).
Why were things difficult for Southern farmers?
After the Civil War, it became more and more difficult for farmers to make a living due to drought, grasshopper and boll weevil plagues, rising costs, falling prices, and high interest rates. In the South, one-third of all landholdings were managed by tenants.
Was agriculture in the South good?
Because agriculture was so profitable, few Southerners saw a need for industrial development. Eighty percent of the labor force worked on a farm or plantation, making the South ideal for large-scale farms to grow crops like tobacco and cotton.
What issues did farmers in the South encounter following the Civil War?
After the war’s widespread devastation forced many small farmers into debt and poverty and forced many of them to switch to growing cotton, commercial farming quickly spread thanks to the increased availability of commercial fertilizer and the expansion of railroads into upcountry white areas.