10 how did the geologist charles lyell influence darwin? Ideas

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    How do structures like this form?

    Cathedral Rock in Sedona, Arizona. Though Arizona was not on Darwin’s itinerary, the work of others that saw and studied Earth’s changing landscape influenced him. One geologist, Charles Lyell, proposed that gradual geological processes have shaped Earth’s surface, inferring that Earth must be far older than most people believed. How else could structures like those shown here develop? If in fact Earth was much older then just 6,000 years, Darwin believed there would have been plenty of time for evolution to occur.

    Influences on Darwin

    Science, like evolution, always builds on the past. Darwin didn’t develop his theory completely on his own. He was influenced by the ideas of earlier thinkers.

    Earlier Thinkers Who Influenced Darwin

    1. Jean Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829) was an important French naturalist. He was one of the first scientists to propose that species change over time. However, Lamarck was wrong about how species change. His idea of the inheritance of acquired characteristics is incorrect. Traits an organism develops during its own life time cannot be passed on to offspring, as Lamarck believed.
    2. Charles Lyell (1797–1875) was a well-known English geologist. Darwin took Lyell’s book,Principles of Geology, with him on the Beagle. In the book, Lyell argued that gradual geological processes have gradually shaped Earth’s surface. From this, Lyell inferred that Earth must be far older than most people believed.
    3. Thomas Malthus (1766–1834) was an English economist. He wrote an essay titled On Population. In the essay, Malthus argued that human populations grow faster than the resources they depend on. When populations become too large, famine and disease break out. In the end, this keeps populations in check by killing off the weakest members.

    Artificial Selection

    These weren’t the only influences on Darwin. He was also aware that humans could breed plants and animals to have useful traits. By selecting which animals were allowed to reproduce, they could change an organism’s traits. The pigeons in Figure below are good examples. Darwin called this type of change in organisms artificial selection. He used the word ‘‘artificial’’ to distinguish it from natural selection.

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    Artificial selection in pigeons to form the carrier pigeon and fantail pigeon

    Artificial Selection in Pigeons. Pigeon hobbyists breed pigeons to have certain characteristics. Both of the pigeons in the bottom row were bred from the common rock pigeon.

    Wallace’s Theory

    Did you ever hear the saying that “great minds think alike?” It certainly applies to Charles Darwin and another English naturalist named Alfred Russel Wallace. Wallace lived at about the same time as Darwin. He also traveled to distant places to study nature. Wallace wasn’t as famous as Darwin. However, he developed basically the same theory of evolution. While working in distant lands, Wallace sent Darwin a paper he had written. In the paper, Wallace explained his evolutionary theory. This served to confirm what Darwin already thought.

    Summary

    • Darwin was influenced by other early thinkers, including Lamarck, Lyell, and Malthus.
    • Darwin was also influenced by his knowledge of artificial selection.
    • Wallace’s paper on evolution confirmed Darwin’s ideas.

    Review

    1. What is the inheritance of acquired characteristics? What scientist developed this mistaken idea?
    2. Who was Charles Lyell? How did he influence Darwin?
    3. What is artificial selection? How does it work?
    4. How did Alfred Russel Wallace influence Darwin?

    Extra Information About how did the geologist charles lyell influence darwin? That You May Find Interested

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    5.14: Influences on Darwin – Biology LibreTexts

    5.14: Influences on Darwin - Biology LibreTexts

    Charles Lyell: Principles of Geology – Evolution: Library – PBS

    Charles Lyell: Principles of Geology - Evolution: Library - PBS

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    • Sumary: It’s been called the most important scientific book ever. A stunning claim, but certainly Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology, published in 1830, shook prevailing views of how Earth had been formed. His book was an…

    • Matching Result: “The present is the key to the past,” was the motto of uniformitarian science. And Darwin, greatly influenced by Lyell, extended that principle to biology.

    • Intro: Evolution: Library: Charles Lyell: Principles of Geology It’s been called the most important scientific book ever. A stunning claim, but certainly Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology, published in 1830, shook prevailing views of how Earth had been formed. His book was an attack on the common belief among geologists and…
    • Source: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/02/4/l_024_01.html

    How did Lyell's "Principles of Geology" influence Darwin?

    How did Lyell's "Principles of Geology" influence Darwin?

    • Author: socratic.org

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    • Sumary: Greatly, the assumption of universal uniform process was foundational to Darwin’s theory of biological uniform process. Charles Lyell stated that the present is the key to the pass. He assumed that…

    • Matching Result: Charles Darwin was greatly influenced by the ideas of Charles Lyell. Charles Darwin observed small changes as organisms adapted to new …

    • Intro: How did Lyell’s “Principles of Geology” influence Darwin? | Socratic Greatly, the assumption of universal uniform process was foundational to Darwin’s theory of biological uniform process. Charles Lyell stated that the present is the key to the pass. He assumed that the exact same processes that can be observed operating…
    • Source: https://socratic.org/questions/how-did-lyell-s-principles-of-geology-influence-darwin

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    Darwin the Geologist – Scientific American Blog Network

    Darwin the Geologist - Scientific American Blog Network

    • Author: blogs.scientificamerican.com

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    • Sumary: In an autobiographic note Charles Robert Darwin (February 12, 1809 – 1882) remembered a childhood wish:

    • Matching Result: He applied the principles formulated by Lyell and became convinced that the surface of earth changes over time only slowly and gradually, not as …

    • Intro: Darwin the GeologistIn an autobiographic note Charles Robert Darwin (February 12, 1809 – 1882) remembered a childhood wish:”It was soon after I began collecting stones, i.e., when 9 or 10, that I distinctly recollect the desire I had of being able to know something about every pebble in front of…
    • Source: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/history-of-geology/darwin-the-geologist/

    8 People Who Influenced and Inspired Charles Darwin

    8 People Who Influenced and Inspired Charles Darwin

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    • Sumary: Great thinkers who inspired Charles Darwin include the botanist Jean Baptiste Lamarck and the geologist Charles Lyell.

    • Matching Result: Charles Lyell was one of the most influential geologists in history. His theory of uniformitarianism was a great influence on Charles Darwin.

    • Intro: 8 Great Thinkers Who Influenced Charles Darwin Charles Darwin may be known for his originality and genius, but he was influenced heavily by many people throughout his life. Some were personal collaborators, some were influential geologists or economists, and one was even his very own grandfather. Together, their influence helped Darwin…
    • Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/people-who-influenced-charles-darwin-1224651

    Charles Lyell | Darwin Correspondence Project

    Charles Lyell | Darwin Correspondence Project

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    • Sumary: As an author, friend and correspondent, Charles Lyell played a crucial role in shaping Darwin’s scientific life. Born to a wealthy gentry family in Scotland in 1797, Lyell had a classical and legal education but by the 1820s had become entranced…

    • Matching Result: Darwin told Lyell of his species work in a letter of 1838, but shared the details of natural selection only many years later, in 1856. Despite his distaste for …

    • Intro: Charles LyellAs an author, friend and correspondent, Charles Lyell played a crucial role in shaping Darwin’s scientific life. Born to a wealthy gentry family in Scotland in 1797, Lyell had a classical and legal education but by the 1820s had become entranced by the popular and exciting subject of geology. Geologists had…
    • Source: https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/charles-lyell

    Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell – Understanding Evolution

    Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell - Understanding Evolution

    • Author: evolution.berkeley.edu

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    • Sumary: Thanks to the pioneering work of researchers such as William Smith, geologists in the early 1800s were able to swiftly organize rock formations into a single colossal record of Earth’s history. Many geologists saw in this record a stormy epic, one in which our planet had…

    • Matching Result: Lyell had an equally profound effect on our understanding of life’s history. He influenced Darwin so deeply that Darwin envisioned evolution as a sort of …

    • Intro: Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell – Understanding EvolutionThanks to the pioneering work of researchers such as William Smith, geologists in the early 1800s were able to swiftly organize rock formations into a single colossal record of Earth’s history. Many geologists saw in this record a stormy epic, one in which our planet had…
    • Source: https://evolution.berkeley.edu/the-history-of-evolutionary-thought/1800s/uniformitarianism-charles-lyell/

    Frequently Asked Questions About how did the geologist charles lyell influence darwin?

    If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic how did the geologist charles lyell influence darwin?, then this section may help you solve it.

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    What impact did Charles Lyell have on Darwin?

    Answer and explanation: After meeting Charles Lyell after Darwin’s return from his voyage aboard the HMS Beagle, where Darwin served as the ship’s naturalist, Lyell helped shape Darwin’s theory of natural selection by providing geological and fossil evidence to support Darwin’s theory.

    What impact did geologists have on Darwin?

    The formation of volcanoes, the slow subsidence of coral reefs, the rising of the Andes by earthquakes, and the fossil relatives of modern species in South America were all geological observations that helped Darwin understand two foundational ideas for his theory of evolution.

    How did Darwin’s ideas differ from Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology?

    Answer and explanation: Lyell, one of the first to suggest that the Earth is very old, had an impact on Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution because Darwin believed that all life on Earth descended from a single common ancestor through the process of evolution.

    What actions did James Hutton and Charles Lyell take, and what impact did Darwin have?

    It was Lyell’s book, but Hutton’s ideas, that inspired Darwin to incorporate the concept of an “ancient” mechanism that had been at work since the beginning of the Earth in his own world-changing book, “The Origin of the Species.” Thus, Hutton’s concepts indirectly sparked the idea of natural selection for Darwin

    Charles Lyell made an evolutionary contribution when?

    However, reading The Origin of Species sparked research that led to the 1863 publication of Lyell’s tentative acceptance of evolution by natural selection in The Geological Evidence of the Antiquity of Man.

    Who had the greatest impact on Darwin?

    Charles Darwin was inspired by Thomas Robert Malthus, a late-eighteenth-century economist. Malthus wrote, “Essay on the Principle of Population” (1798), which darwin examined. Thomas Malthus’ inspired Darwin to refine natural selection by stating a reason for meaningful competition between members of the same species.

    What issues divided Lyell and Darwin?

    While the two men disagreed on many topics, especially regarding slavery, they did agree on the gradual operation of natural selection and its reliance on enormous amounts of time.

    What did Charles Lyell add to the evolution of life?

    Contribution to Evolutionary Theory Lyell’s book Principles of Geology, which describes how the Earth was formed by forces that are still at work today, had a significant impact on Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution.

    Why did Charles Lyell’s work matter so much?

    Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875), a Scottish geologist, was pivotal in establishing the popularity and legitimacy of geology as a science in the nineteenth century. Lyell’s geological discoveries led to a revelatory shift in our understanding of the Earth and its history.

    What did Charles Lyell add to the evolution of life?

    In his uniformitarian proposal, Lyell claimed that the forces that shaped the planet as it is today have been at work continuously throughout the planet’s history and that the formation of the Earth’s crust occurred as a result of numerous small changes spread over a very long time period, all occurring in accordance with known natural laws.

    What was the source of Darwin’s theory?

    Wallace’s paper on evolution supported Darwin’s theories, and other early thinkers like Lamarck, Lyell, and Malthus also had an impact on Darwin. He was also influenced by his knowledge of artificial selection.

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