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clause fragments explained
Relative Clause Fragment
A relative clause fragment arises when this type of clause is disconnected from the other clause that is needed in the sentence.
To make sense, a sentence must express a complete thought. A relative clause written by itself does not do this.
Relative Clause Fragments:
who is a policeman
which is the best present I’ve ever had
where I bought the medicine my sister needed
that helped me understand how to speak French
These are all dependent clauses.
A clause is a group of words with a subject and verb. Like any complex sentence, a sentence with a relative clause is made up of at least two clauses, a dependent clause and an independent clause.
This is a definition of ‘dependent’ from the Cambridge Online Dictionary:
“needing the support of something or someone in order to continue existing or operating”
An independent clause can be used alone. However, a dependent clause needs the support of an independent clause in order to exist, or to make sense.
So now let’s add some independent clauses to those relative clause fragments we looked at earlier on to ensure they express a complete thought.
Correctly Written Relative Clause Sentences:
- Independent Clause
- Dependent Clause
My neighbour, who is a policeman, often helps me out
My bother brought me a bike, which is the best present I’ve ever had
I went to the chemist where I bought the medicine my sister needed
This is the book that helped me understand how to speak French
How do I know I’ve not written a fragment?
As every clause has a subject and verb and you are using two clauses (an independent and dependent clause) check that you have two subject verb combinations.
My neighbour (subject) often helps (verb) me out
who (subject) is (verb) a policeman
I (subject) went (verb) to the chemist
where I (subject) bought (verb) the medicine my sister needed
Both the independent and dependent clause have a subject and verb so the sentences look correct.
Note that the relative pronoun (who, which, that etc) is not always the subject of the sentence, as in the second example, but that will be dealt with further in another lesson.
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Extra Information About how do you correct a relative clause fragment That You May Find Interested
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Relative clause fragments explained – Grammar Wiz
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Fragments and Dependent Clauses – UNT Dallas
Frequently Asked Questions About how do you correct a relative clause fragment
If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic how do you correct a relative clause fragment, then this section may help you solve it.
How can a sentence that is broken be fixed?
Three Techniques for Converting a Fragment into a Complete Sentence
- Attach. Attach the fragment to a nearby complete sentence. Incorrect: I forgot to eat breakfast. …
- Revise. Revise the fragment by adding whatever is missing ? subject, verb, complete thought. …
- Rewrite. Rewrite the fragment or the entire passage that contains the fragment.
How do you fix a jumble?
One of the simplest ways to fix a fragment is to remove the period between it and the main clause. Other types of punctuation may be required for the newly combined sentence. Fragments are incomplete sentences. Typically, they are parts of sentences that have become disconnected from the main clause.
An relative clause fragment is what?
A relative clause written by itself does not express a complete thought; rather, it is disconnected from the other clause that is required in the sentence, leading to the emergence of a relative clause fragment.
How do you resolve a fragment error?
A sentence fragment is a portion of a sentence that is either missing the subject, the verb, or the complete thought; you can fix a fragment by adding the necessary parts. Occasionally, the missing component of a sentence fragment can be found in the sentence that comes before or follows it.
What are two ways that sentence fragments can be fixed?
If you know what a sentence is, you can usually fix a fragment by incorporating it into another sentence nearby or by rewriting it as a full sentence.
What is a sample of a fragmented sentence?
Because of the rain is a clear example of a sentence fragment; on its own, it doesn’t form a complete thought and leaves us wondering what occurred as a result of the rain.
What three types of fragments are there?
Sentences without a subject, sentences without a verb, and sentences with subordinate clauses are the three main categories of sentence fragments.
Can you reassemble a piece?
A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence that has been substituted for a complete sentence. Typically, a sentence fragment lacks either the subject or predicate required to make it an independent clause.
What common mistake can you make with a fragmented sentence?
A sentence fragment is a sentence that lacks either the subject or the main verb; some sentence fragments result from simple typographical errors or word omissions; others are the result of complex grammatical errors; and many sentence fragments can be avoided with careful proofreading.
How can you tell if a sentence is complete?
The issue with sentence fragments is that they don’t tell the whole story because key components are missing, leaving the reader hanging without a sense of the full thought. This occurs when the full thought is not expressed because either the subject or the verb is missing.