10 rapid industrialization during the late 1800s contributed to Ideas

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: Industrial Development

After the Civil War, the United States rapidly transformed into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technological innovation, economic growth, development of large-scale agriculture, and the expansion of the federal government characterized the era, as did the social tensions brought about by immigration, financial turmoil, federal Indian policy, and increasing demands for rights by workers, women, and minorities. 

This group of objects highlights innovation and industrialization in the late 1800s, and the benefits as well as detriments of becoming an economic and industrial power.

Century Vase, 1876

Made by Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, New York

The American Industrial Revolution transformed the nation from a scattering of isolated communities into an economic and industrial giant, in part due to the country’s wealth of natural resources. Forests, minerals, waterways, and huge tracts of arable land for farming and ranching provided the raw materials that fueled growth and development, often at the expense of the environment.

This vase celebrates 100 years of American progress and depicts now-vanished icons of the American landscape such as bison, a wooden reaper, and a steamship.

Railroad Spike, 1869

Commemorative of the final spike that completed the transcontinental railroad

Railroads were the basis of the nation’s industrial economy in the late 1800s, creating new markets, carrying billions of tons of freight to every corner of the country, and opening up the West for development. Thanks in part to the railroad providing access to new land for farming, agricultural production doubled in the 1870s, which in turn increased railroad traffic.

Gift of Union Pacific Railroad, Mr. A. E. Stoddard, President

Stock Ticker, about 1900

Made by the Western Union Telegraph Company

The U.S. economy grew rapidly after the Civil War, fueled by an astounding rise in wealth, wages, production, and corporate mergers, along with limited government regulation. The volume of stocks traded rose sharply with corporations’ need for investment capital and the development of new technologies. The 1867 invention of the stock ticker, transmitting up-to-the-minute share prices over telegraph lines, modernized the stock exchange.

Gift of Western Union Corporation

Incandescent Lamp, about 1891

Made by Edison General Electric Company

Many inventions in the late 1880s helped speed urban growth, allowing for taller buildings, more efficient factories, and better transportation. One of the most dramatic improvements occurred in artificial lighting. Thomas Edison’s development of an electric lamp that did not rely on open flames made lighting more practical for factories, offices, and homes, and transformed city life.

Gift of General Electric Lighting Company, through Terry K. McGowan

Tinfoil Phonograph, 1878

Invented by Thomas Alva Edison

Thomas Edison helped usher in an age of organized research in support of commerce and industry that reshaped American life. Vowing to turn out inventions on a regular basis, Edison and his team of scientists, engineers, draftsmen, and laborers developed or improved over 1,000 patents, from huge electric generators to this early phonograph.

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Gift of American Telephone and Telegraph Company

Alexander Graham Bell’s Big Box Telephone, 1876

One of the first commercially available telephones

Telegraph lines could carry only one coded message per wire at a time, which became a hindrance as the volume of communication increased. To overcome this problem, Alexander Bell used his knowledge of acoustics to devise a method of sending multiple tonal messages over a wire. This led to the telephone, and a communication revolution that transformed business and daily life.

Gift of American Telephone and Telegraph Company

Cross, 1875–99

Made by a Hispanic Catholic in New Mexico

New Mexico has experienced many cultural encounters since the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s. Following the United States’ 1848 annexation of the area at the end of war with Mexico, the population of the territory boomed, bringing together Catholics of Spanish descent, indigenous tribes, Protestant missionaries, and Anglo American settlers. Though often in conflict, these communities forged a distinctive regional identity that survives to the present.

Silver Presentation Cup, about 1900

Presented to Susan B. Anthony on her eightieth birthday

Although American women fought for black suffrage, they were unable to vote in federal elections themselves until 1920. As suffragists moved out of the parlor and into the streets, they challenged the notion that a woman’s place was solely in the home. Susan B. Anthony shocked the nation when she was jailed in 1872 for illegally trying to vote.

Gift of National American Woman Suffrage Association

Print, 1870s

Black politicians during Reconstruction

With the end of the Civil War, hard-won constitutional amendments abolished slavery and established citizenship and voting rights for black Americans. But during and after Reconstruction, blacks were often treated as second-class citizens. Southern states continued to restrict black voting, and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan led to decades of violence.

From the Ralph E. Becker Collection of Political Americana

Statue, late 1800s

Made by the Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, New York

In the late 1800s, black Americans gained citizenship and the vote, while immigrants from Europe and Asia came to the country in record numbers. As these minorities strove for economic prosperity and social justice, some white Americans reacted to the rapidly changing social order with apprehension and hostility. The relationship of the three figures in this statue captures this tension.

Gift of Mrs. Franklin Chace

Singer Sewing Machine Patent Model, 1889

Factory machine for making buttonholes

American goods were increasingly made in factories as companies adopted large-scale, standardized production methods in the late 1800s. Specialized machines took the place of manual tasks—such as sewing buttonholes for ready-made clothing—speeding up the work to meet the growing demands of a nation of consumers. The advent of more simply constructed women’s apparel in the 1890s gave a further boost to the clothing industry.

Sholes & Glidden Typewriter, 1873

Made by E. Remington & Sons

The development of corporations after the Civil War led to the creation of multiple layers of office management. The vast demand for professional managers and clerical staff encouraged education and the growth of the middle class. The introduction of the typewriter gave women the opportunity to enter the corporate workplace.

Gift of Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict

John Brown Lennon’s Delegate Badge, 1893

From the Journeymen Tailors’ Union convention

Rapid industrial development in the late 1800s changed where and how Americans worked. By 1900, U.S. factories employed 4.5 million people, most working long hours for low wages in often unhealthful conditions. Workers organized local and national unions in response, leading to an intense period of political activity, strikes, and sometimes violent clashes in the fight for labor rights.

Gift of D. E. Lennon

Jeans, 1873-96

Made by Levi Strauss & Co., San Franscisco

Between 1870 and 1900 over 430 million acres were settled in the United States, most of them in the West. Mining, ranching, and farming drew waves of settlers, and cities and commerce followed. In 1873 San Francisco merchant LeviStrauss and tailor Jacob Davis patented a designfor rugged workers’ pants for western wear—the first jeans, advertised at right in 1875.

Gift of Walter Haas Jr.

Winchester Rifle, 1881

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Captured from Sioux when Chief Low Dog surrendered in Montana Territory

Through most of the 1800s, Americans viewed the nation’s westward expansion as a symbol of its providence as a land of wealth and progress. But Indian tribes resisted the encroachment of settlers in their territories, setting off decades of violence. The federal government gradually pushed the tribes to more isolated areas, offering U.S. citizenship, but few opportunities, to those who agreed to accept allotments of land on reservations.

Man’s Gown, about 1896

Ordered from China by Lee B. Lok in 1896

With the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, thousands of Chinese laborers were left jobless in the western United States. Unwelcome in California, where it was feared they competed for low-paying jobs, many moved to the East Coast. Lee Lok emigrated from China to San Francisco in 1881 and then moved to New York City’s Chinatown where he worked in a general store. Although he could not become a U.S. citizen, his children could, and did.

Gift of James Edgar Mead and Virginia Lee Mead

The objects below are no longer on view

Harvester and Self-Raking Reaper Patent Model, 1877

Patented by William Whiteley

Increasingly mechanized farming meant fewer laborers were needed on farms, releasing them to work in urban industrial jobs. As the cities grew, demand increased for agricultural goods in turn. Inventors looked for new ways for farming to be more efficient and profitable, including making improvements to existing technology such as the mechanical reaper first developed by Cyrus McCormick in 1834.

Creeping Baby Doll, 1870s

Patented by Robert J. Clay

In the 1870s, changing notions of childhood meant that Anglo American parents had only recently accepted crawling, or creeping, as a natural stage in a baby’s development rather than a bad habit.  Prior to this, generations of American children had been prevented from crawling on all fours, an activity then associated with animals and the insane.

Child’s Dress, 1876

Made from fabric purchased at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition

Celebrating innovations in industry and the arts, the international Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition commemorated the hundredth anniversary of the American Revolution, embodied Americans’ confidence in the future, and revealed the country’s potential to the rest of the world. Among the crowds attending the centennial was Henry Fletcher, who purchased the patriotic fabric his wife used to make this dress for their first child, born in 1876.

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1870-1900: Industrial Development

1870-1900: Industrial Development

  • Author: americanhistory.si.edu

  • Rating: 4⭐ (302292 rating)

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  • Sumary: After the Civil War, the United States rapidly transformed into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technological innovation, economic growth, development of large-scale agriculture, and the expansion of the federal government characterized the…

  • Matching Result: Railroads were the basis of the nation’s industrial economy in the late 1800s, creating new markets, carrying billions of tons of freight to every corner of the …

  • Intro: 1870-1900: Industrial Development After the Civil War, the United States rapidly transformed into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technological innovation, economic growth, development of large-scale agriculture, and the expansion of the federal government characterized the era, as did the social tensions brought about by immigration, financial turmoil, federal Indian policy, and…
  • Source: https://americanhistory.si.edu/american-stories/1870-1900-industrial-development

hist111/industrialization

hist111/industrialization

  • Author: gorhistory.com

  • Rating: 4⭐ (302292 rating)

  • Highest Rate: 5⭐

  • Lowest Rate: 2⭐

  • Sumary: As of December 31, 2014, I retired from full-time teaching in Humboldt State University’s Department of History. While this website will remain online, it is no longer maintained.

  • Matching Result: Urban poverty, then, was a common problem during the Gilded Age. And poverty, as we shall see, was linked to the rapid industrialization that accompanied this …

  • Intro: hist111/industrialization As of December 31, 2014, I retired from full-time teaching in Humboldt State University’s Department of History. While this website will remain online, it is no longer maintained. History 111 – Dr. Gayle Olson-Raymer Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration in the Gilded Age Introduction: Today, our story continues with a…
  • Source: http://gorhistory.com/hist111/industrial.html

How Did Industrialization During The Late 1800S Contribute …

How Did Industrialization During The Late 1800S Contribute ...

  • Author: microblife.in

  • Rating: 4⭐ (302292 rating)

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  • Sumary: Industrialization during the late 1800s contributed to the development of organized labor because it created low-wage low-skill jobs that made employees easy to replace.

  • Matching Result: The Industrial Revolution shifted from an agrarian economy to a manufacturing economy where products were no longer made solely by hand but by machines. This …

  • Intro: How Did Industrialization During The Late 1800S Contribute To The Development Of Organized Labor? – Micro B Industrialization during the late 1800s contributed to the development of organized labor because it created low-wage low-skill jobs that made employees easy to replace. Why did US industrialization in the late 1800s contribute…
  • Source: https://www.microblife.in/how-did-industrialization-during-the-late-1800s-contribute-to-the-development-of-organized-labor/

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The Gilded Age | Texas Gateway

The Gilded Age | Texas Gateway

  • Author: texasgateway.org

  • Rating: 4⭐ (302292 rating)

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  • Sumary: Given background information, students will be able to identify economic, social, and political issues surrounding the Gilded Age. Students will identify significant historical figures associated with the Gilded Age.

  • Matching Result: From the 1870s to the 1890s, the United States entered a period of rapid industrialization. There was a shift from an agrarian economy to an industrial …

  • Intro: The Gilded Age | Texas Gateway Copy and paste the link code above.
  • Source: https://www.texasgateway.org/resource/gilded-age

Frequently Asked Questions About rapid industrialization during the late 1800s contributed to

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic rapid industrialization during the late 1800s contributed to, then this section may help you solve it.

What was the outcome of quick industrialization?

People left rural areas in large numbers in search of employment in developing industries, which sparked a rapid demographic shift. The Industrial Revolution also resulted in an unprecedented increase in wealth and financial well-being for some. It also increased labor specialization and allowed cities to support larger populations.

What was a factor in the US’s quick industrialization in the late 19th century?

This economic expansion was fueled by a wave of technological breakthroughs, such as Thomas Edison’s incandescent lightbulb and Alexander Graham Bell’s telephone.

What causes led to industrialization in the first half of the 1800s?

Early 1800s industrialization was influenced by the War of 1812, which prevented Americans from obtaining British manufactured goods, as well as by inflated import prices, which encouraged people to purchase goods from the newly established factories.

How did the late 1800s industrialization influence the growth of organized labor?

During the Industrial Revolution, workers were concentrated in mines, factories, and mills, which facilitated the growth of trade unions. After the first decades of political hostility towards organized labor, skilled male workers emerged as the movement’s first winners.

What were the Industrial Revolution’s three main outcomes?

With the transition from an agrarian to a manufacturing economy during the Industrial Revolution, goods were no longer only made by hand but also by machines, which resulted in higher production and efficiency, lower prices, more goods, better wages, and a movement of people from rural to urban areas.

What 3 outcomes did industrialization have?

The Industrial Revolution had many beneficial effects, including an increase in wealth, the production of goods, and the standard of living, as well as access to cheaper, better-quality, and healthier goods for people to consume.

What are the benefits of rapid industrialization?

The process of industrialization has been crucial to the global economy’s growth because it has increased productivity and enabled mass production, which has raised living standards.

What effects did late nineteenth-century industrialization have?

Railroads significantly expanded, bringing even remote parts of the country into a national market economy, and many new industries, including petroleum refining, steel manufacturing, and electrical power, emerged. Industrial growth changed American society.

Which three effects of industrialization are there?

A significant increase in population, urbanization or the growth of cities, better access to food, a rise in the demand for raw materials, the emergence of new social classes made up of capitalists, a working class, and eventually a middle class were all effects of industrialization.

Which two impacts did industrialization have on Europe?

Despite all these negative consequences, the Industrial Revolution also had some benefits, including increased economic growth and accessibility to goods, the emergence of a wealthy middle class that took some of the aristocracy’s former economic clout, and the rise of specialized jobs in the manufacturing sector.

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