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monsoon climate

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Worldwide zones of tropical monsoon climate (Am).

An area of tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a sub-equatorial, tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a tropical climate sub-type that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category Am. Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and a dry season.[1]: 200–1  The tropical monsoon climate is the intermediate climate between the wet Af (or tropical rainforest climate) and the drier Aw (or tropical savanna climate).

A tropical monsoon climate’s driest month has on average less than 60 mm, but more than .[1] This is in direct contrast to a tropical savanna climate, whose driest month has less than 60 mm of precipitation and also less than of average monthly precipitation. In essence, a tropical monsoon climate tends to either have more rainfall than a tropical savanna climate or have less pronounced dry seasons. A tropical monsoon climate tends to vary less in temperature during a year than does a tropical savanna climate. This climate has a driest month which nearly always occurs at or soon after the winter solstice.[1]

Versions[edit]

There are generally two versions of a tropical monsoon climate:

  • Less pronounced dry seasons. Regions with this variation of the tropical monsoon climate typically see copious amounts of rain during the wet season(s), usually in the form of frequent thunderstorms. Unlike most tropical savanna climates, a sizeable amount of precipitation also falls during the dry season(s). In essence, this version of the tropical monsoon climate generally has less pronounced dry seasons than tropical savanna climates.
  • Extraordinarily rainy wet seasons and pronounced dry seasons. This variation features pronounced dry seasons similar in length and character to dry seasons observed in tropical savanna climates. This is followed by a sustained period (or sustained periods) of extraordinary rainfall. In some instances, up to (and sometimes in excess of) 1,000 mm of precipitation is observed per month for two or more consecutive months. Tropical savanna climates generally do not see this level of sustained rainfall.

Distribution[edit]

Tropical monsoon are most commonly found in Africa (West and Central Africa), Asia (South and Southeast Asia), central of South America and Central America. This climate also occurs in sections of the Caribbean, North America, and northern Australia.

Factors[edit]

The major controlling factor over a tropical monsoon climate is its relationship to the monsoon circulation. The monsoon is a seasonal change in wind direction. In Asia, during the summer (or high-sun season) there is an onshore flow of air (air moving from ocean toward land). In the “winter” (or low-sun season) an offshore air flow (air moving from land toward water) is prevalent. The change in direction is due to the difference in the way water and land heat.

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Changing pressure patterns that affect the seasonality of precipitation also occur in Africa though it generally differs from the way it operates in Asia. During the high-sun season, the Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) induces rain. During the low-sun season, the subtropical high creates dry conditions. The monsoon climates of Africa, and the Americas for that matter, are typically located along tradewind coasts.

Cities[edit]

Asia

  • Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Batticaloa, Sri Lanka
  • Calamba, Philippines
  • Cà Mau, Vietnam
  • Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Da Nang, Vietnam
  • Hat Yai, Thailand
  • Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Kochi, Kerala, India
  • Kozhikode, Kerala, India
  • Malé, Maldives
  • Manila, Philippines
  • Narathiwat, Thailand
  • Pattani, Thailand
  • Quezon City, Philippines
  • Semarang, Indonesia
  • Sihanoukville, Cambodia
  • Sylhet, Bangladesh
  • Taitung, Taiwan
  • Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
  • Yangon, Myanmar
  • Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Oceania

  • Cairns, Queensland, Australia
  • Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Africa

  • Bata, Equatorial Guinea
  • Conakry, Guinea
  • Douala, Cameroon
  • Freetown, Sierra Leone
  • Monrovia, Liberia
  • Port Harcourt, Nigeria

The Americas

  • Macapá, Amapá, Brazil
  • Barrancabermeja, Colombia
  • Miami, Florida, United States
  • Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
  • San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
  • Villahermosa, Mexico
  • Villavicencio, Colombia

Select charts[edit]

Chittagong
Climate chart (explanation)

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

5

27

15

28

30

19

64

35

24

150

39

26

264

35

24

533

34

25

597

38

26

518

33

24

320

33

24

180

32

23

56

32

17

15

24

14

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: BBC[2]
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.2

81

59

1.1

86

66

2.5

95

75

5.9

102

79

10

95

75

21

93

77

24

100

79

20

91

75

13

91

75

7.1

90

73

2.2

90

63

0.6

75

57

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Conakry
Climate chart (explanation)

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

1

32

19

1

33

20

3

33

21

22

34

22

137

33

21

396

32

20

1130

30

20

1104

30

21

617

31

21

295

31

20

70

32

21

8

32

20

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: HK[3]
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D

90

66

92

68

0.1

92

70

0.9

92

72

5.4

92

69

16

89

68

44

86

69

43

86

69

24

87

69

12

88

69

2.8

90

70

0.3

90

68

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Miami
Climate chart (explanation)

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

51

24

15

53

25

16

61

26

18

72

28

20

158

30

22

237

31

24

145

32

25

193

32

25

194

31

24

143

29

22

68

27

19

47

25

16

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: WMO[4]
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D

2

75

59

2.1

76

60

2.4

79

64

2.9

82

68

6.2

85

72

9.3

88

75

5.7

89

76

7.6

89

77

7.6

88

76

5.6

85

72

2.7

80

67

1.8

77

62

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

See also[edit]

  • Tropical climate
  • Tropical rainforest climate
  • Tropical savanna climate
  • Köppen climate classification

References[edit]

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Tropical monsoon climate – Wikipedia

Tropical monsoon climate - Wikipedia

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  • Intro: Tropical monsoon climate From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigation Jump to search Worldwide zones of tropical monsoon climate (Am).An area of tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a sub-equatorial, tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a tropical climate sub-type that corresponds to…
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Tropical monsoon climate (Am) | SKYbrary Aviation Safety

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  • Sumary: Am: A = Equatorial  m = Monsoonal  

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  • Intro: Tropical monsoon climate (Am) | SKYbrary Aviation SafetyAm: A = Equatorial  m = Monsoonal Description An area of tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category “Am”. Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in every…
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Tropical Monsoon Climate | Encyclopedia MDPI

Tropical Monsoon Climate | Encyclopedia MDPI

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  • Sumary: An area of tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category “Am”. Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures…

  • Matching Result: Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and a dry season.

  • Intro: Tropical Monsoon ClimateAn area of tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category “Am”. Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in…
  • Source: https://encyclopedia.pub/entry/32577

tropical monsoon climate | meteorology | Britannica

tropical monsoon climate | meteorology | Britannica

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Geog. 1710 Exam 2 (Ch. 10) Flashcards

Geog. 1710 Exam 2 (Ch. 10) Flashcards

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Tropical climate – Wikiwand

Tropical climate - Wikiwand

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  • Intro: WikiwandTropical climate is the first of the five major climate groups in the Köppen climate classification identified with the letter A. Tropical climates are defined by a monthly average temperature of 18 °C (64.4 °F) or higher in the coolest month, and feature hot temperatures all year-round. Annual precipitation is often abundant…
  • Source: https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Tropical_climate

Frequently Asked Questions About the dry season in the tropical monsoon climate occurs when

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic the dry season in the tropical monsoon climate occurs when, then this section may help you solve it.

In tropical monsoon climates, why is there a dry season?

The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) causes rain during the high-sun season, and the subtropical high produces dry conditions during the low-sun season.

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The tropical monsoon season is what?

Tropical monsoon climates are an intermediate climate between the wet Af (or tropical wet climate) and the drier Aw (or tropical savanna climate), with monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64 °F) in every month of the year and a dry season.

Are there dry seasons in tropical climates?

There are typically only two seasons in tropical climates, a wet (rainy / monsoon) season and a dry season. Annual precipitation is frequently abundant in tropical climates, and it exhibits a seasonal rhythm but b>may have seasonal dryness to varying degrees/b>.

Where can you find a dry climate?

Around the world, dry climates are prevalent, especially in western North America, Australia, southern South America, central and southern Africa, and a large portion of Asia.

Why is there a dry season?

The dry season, as its name implies, lasts from May to September in the southern hemisphere and is characterized by dry weather (or drier than the wet season). Since the sun is overhead in the northern hemisphere during this time of year, the southern hemisphere experiences less heat and begins to cool down.

What takes place during the dry monsoon?

Land is expected to become drier during the dry season as evaporation from land will increase in a warmer climate, which is occurring at the same time that rainfall is changing as a result of global climate change and natural year-to-year variability.

Why do tropical monsoons occur?

The warm land produces low-pressure zones as hot air rises, and once this pattern develops across the region, the winds change to fill in the void. The monsoon is caused by the sun heating up the land and the Pacific Ocean at different rates, with land surfaces warming up more quickly than ocean surfaces.

What two characteristics distinguish a tropical monsoon climate?

In general, tropical monsoon climates tend to have more rainfall than savanna climates, or dry seasons are less pronounced. Monsoon climate: In the tropical monsoon climate, the average monthly temperature in every month of the year and in the dry season is higher than 18°C (64°F).

What brings on a dry season?

The tropical rain belt, which moves from the northern to southern tropics and back throughout the year, determines the weather in the tropics. The dry season is defined by a period of low rainfall that happens annually in the tropics.

What makes a tropical dry climate unique?

The majority of the rain falls in a single season, and the rest of the year is dry in tropical wet and dry climates, which are found between 5° and 20° latitude. Because few trees can survive the lengthy dry season, grasses are the predominant plant species (see Figure below).

Why do the dry seasons occur?

The tropical rain belt, which moves from the northern to the southern tropics and back over the course of the year, dominates the weather in the tropics, and the dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.

Why is the climate so dry?

Climate change is also changing the timing of water availability by increasing evaporation, which reduces surface water and dries out soils and vegetation, making periods of low precipitation drier than they would be in cooler conditions.

What occurs throughout the dry season?

Figure 1. Stressed plants during dry seasons and drought conditions. Severe, long-term, or consecutive drought events may result in permanent damage. Growth stops, nutrient transport slows, and plants wilt as cells become water-deficient.

What traits distinguish a dry climate?

Large diurnal and annual temperature amplitudes, a lot of sunshine, a lack of precipitation, and low soil moisture are the characteristics of dry climates.

What takes place during the dry monsoon?

According to National Geographic, a dry monsoon typically occurs between October and April, and instead of coming from the oceans, the winds often originate in drier, warmer regions like Mongolia and northwestern China before blowing down into India.

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