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iversity — The Wetlands Initiative
Wetlands have been called “biological super systems” because they produce great volumes of food that support a remarkable level of biodiversity. In terms of number and variety of species supported, they are as rich as rainforests and coral reefs. Their combination of shallow water, high levels of nutrients, and high primary productivity (the amount of biomass produced) is ideal for the development of organisms that form the essential base of our planet’s food web.
The food web supports myriad species of birds, fish, amphibians, shellfish, and insects. According to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, countless species depend on wetlands:
Two of TWI’s restoration sites are particularly well known for their high level of biodiversity. Almost 300 bird species have been observed at the Dixon Waterfowl Refuge in north-central Illinois, while the restored wetland–prairie landscape at Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie near Joliet supports some species found almost nowhere else, including federally endangered leafy prairie-clover. Both of these nature preserves are open to the public so you can experience their diversity firsthand.
Click here for Dixon Waterfowl Refuge species lists
Click here for Midewin species lists
Extra Information About what contributes to the high level of biodiversity found in wetlands? That You May Find Interested
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High Biodiversity – The Wetlands Initiative
Why are Wetlands Important? | US EPA
Ecology of Wetland Ecosystems: Water, Substrate, and Life
What Contributes To The High Level Of … – Micro B Life
Effects of Wetland Biodiversity
What is biodiversity and why do we need it? | WWT
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Frequently Asked Questions About what contributes to the high level of biodiversity found in wetlands?
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What factors, specifically, are responsible for the wetlands’ high biodiversity levels?
Because of the abundance of resources, wetlands have a high level of biodiversity. The high levels of readily available water, nutrients, and primary productivity allow for a large number and variety of organisms at the base of the food web.
What are the ways wetlands boost biodiversity?
Wildlife Habitat: Upland animals like deer, elk, and bears frequently use wetlands for food and shelter. Wetlands are especially important to many migratory bird species. Wetlands provide habitat for many species of amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals that are uniquely adapted to aquatic environments.
What sort of diversity are wetlands home to?
Wetland ecosystems are also our life support systems, providing us with water, food, shelter from floods, droughts, and storms, as well as livelihoods for over 1 billion people. Wetland ecosystems host remarkable biodiversity: 40% of all species live or breed in wetlands.
What benefits do wetlands have for the environment?
Wetlands have the ability to catch surface runoff before it enters open water and remove pollutants using physical, chemical, and biological processes.
The abundance of organic matter that is readily available to organisms that serve as food for larger organisms is what contributes to the high level of biodiversity found in wetlands.
Wetlands’ biodiversity is greatly influenced by the quantity and variety of food they provide.
What kinds of biodiversity are supported by wetlands?
Wetland ecosystems support significant populations of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and invertebrate species. They are the cradles of biological diversity, providing the water and primary productivity on which countless species of plants and animals depend for survival.
What elements support a high level of biodiversity?
Genetic diversity within a species not only is necessary to maintain diversity among species,6 but also contributes to the diversity of food, fiber, and medicines available from nature. Other factors that contribute to species diversity include habitat diversity, competition between species, and genetic diversity.
What role does the wetland ecosystem play in biodiversity?
Wetlands are crucial for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics. They serve as habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals.
What are the wetlands’ four advantages?
They provide hundreds of species with safe places to eat, sleep, and raise young, they protect wildlife by giving them safe places to eat, sleep, and raise young, they provide us with natural spaces to play, learn, and explore, and they clean the water we enjoy at beaches, lakes, and rivers.
What are the top three elements that make up a wetland ecosystem?
Learn science at Scitable: Ecology of Wetland Ecosystems: Water, Substrate, and Life.
What is wetland biodiversity and what does it mean?
Wetlands are among the most biodiverse ecosystem types, and they are particularly significant for migratory species, especially migratory waterbirds. They are home to a very diverse range of animal and plant species that live permanently in wetlands or rely on wetlands for at least part of their life cycles.
What are the three benefits of wetlands?
Wetlands are beneficial for many reasons, including flood protection, improved water quality, reduced shoreline erosion, natural product production, recreation, and aesthetics.
What three traits are present in all wetlands across the board?
Wetlands must have one or more of the following three characteristics: 1) the land supports primarily hydrophytes at least occasionally; 2) the substrate is primarily undrained hydric soil; and 3) at some point during the growing season of each year, the substrate is saturated with water or covered by shallow water.