10 what do geographers call areas whose residents share a common characteristic? Ideas

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| National Geographic Society

The most obvious type of boundary is a physical boundary. A physical boundary is a naturally occurring barrier between two areas. Riversmountain rangesoceans, and deserts can all serve as physical boundaries. Many times, political boundaries between countries or states form along physical boundaries. For example, the boundary between France and Spain follows the peaks of the Pyrenees Mountains, while the Alps separate France from Italy.

The Strait of Gibraltar is the boundary between southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. This narrow waterway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea is an important political, economic, and social boundary between the continents.

Rivers are common boundaries between nations, states, and smaller political units such as counties. The Rio Grande forms a large part of the boundary between Mexico and the United States. The Mississippi Riveris the defining boundary between many of the states it winds through, including Iowa and Illinois, Arkansas and Tennessee, and Louisiana and Mississippi.

Another type of physical boundary lies below Earth’s surface. Earth’s shell, or crust, is made of thick slabs of rock called tectonic plates. There are seven major tectonic plates and many smaller ones. These plates are constantly moving.

Interaction between tectonic plates creates activity on their boundaries. Sometimes, the plates spread apart from each other, creating ocean trenches and, eventually, continents. This is called a divergent boundary. Sometimes one plate slides underneath the other, creating volcanoes and earthquakes. This is called a convergent plate boundary. Sometimes the plates grind past each other, creating earthquake fault lines. This is called a transform fault or transform boundary.

The movement between the massive Pacific plate and the plates that border it creates all three types of boundaries. This tectonically active area is called the Ring of Fire. The divergent boundary between the Cocos and Nazca plates creates the Galapagos Ridge, off the coast of South America. The convergent boundary between the Pacific and Australian plates makes the island nation New Zealand a very active volcanic region. The transform fault between the Pacific and North American plates makes the U.S. state of California proneto earthquakes.

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Political Boundaries

Political boundaries are the dividing lines between countries, states, provinces, counties, and cities. These lines, more often called borders, are created by people to separate areas governed by different groups. Sometimes, political boundaries follow physical boundaries, but most of the time you can’t see them. Most maps show political boundaries.

Political boundaries change over time through wars, treaties, and trade. After World War II, the mapof Europe was almost completely redrawn. Germany’s eastern border was moved farther west, and the country itself was later divided into East Germany and West Germany.

In 1803, the United States bought 2,147,000 square kilometers (828,800 square miles) of land in a treaty with France, called the Louisiana Purchase. This land expanded the size of the U.S. to include the areas that are now Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Louisiana. The western boundary of the U.S. moved from the Mississippi River to what is now Yellowstone National Park.

An important type of political boundary in the United States is the boundary of a congressional district. A congressional district is an area that elects a representative to the U.S. House of Representatives. After the U.S. Census, which is taken every 10 years, the population of a state may grow or shrink enough to gain or lose a representative in the House. When this happens, congressional district lines are redrawn in a complicated and controversialprocess called redistricting. The boundaries between congressional districts may unite or divide economic, social, or ethnically distinct neighborhoods.

Other Boundaries

Political boundaries are just one type of artificial, or man-made, boundary. Other boundaries created by people include linguistic, economic, and social boundaries.

Linguistic boundaries form between areas where people speak different languages. Often, these boundaries match political boundaries. For example, the predominantlanguage in France is French, and the predominant language in Germany is German.

In India, 122 different languages are spoken, each by more than 10,000 people. The Indian government recognizes 22 of these as “official languages.” People who speak these languages are generally split into different geographic regions. Inability to speak a neighboring region’s language can cause difficulties and tensions between people and businesses.

Economic boundaries divide people with different incomes or levels of wealth. Sometimes these boundaries fall on national borders. The border between the developed country of the United States and the underdeveloped country of Mexico is an economic boundary as well as a political one.

Sometimes, economic boundaries fall within a single country, and even within a single city. For example, Manhattan’s Upper West Side, in New York, New York, is a wealthy neighborhood with internationally recognized universities and hospitals. The Bronx’s Melrose neighborhood, also in New York, is a low-incomeneighborhood whose residents struggle to access the excellent education and healthcare available only a few kilometers away.

Natural resources also play a role in economic boundaries. People who settle in areas rich in resources—whether it is underground oil or fertile soil—are more likely to become wealthy, while people who live in areas without many resources tend to stay poor. People are also willing to pay more to live in areas with access to natural or economic resources: beautiful views, excellent schools, hospitals, and convenient access to shopping facilities.

Social boundaries occur where social differences lead to unequal access to resources and opportunities. Some of these boundary issues include racegenderreligion, and physical abilities. In some places, women may not have access to certain jobs or be allowed to travel in certain areas. In Saudi Arabia, for instance, all women must have a male guardian. This guardian’s approval is required for women to travel, seek healthcare, manage personal finances, marry, or divorce. This social boundary discourages many women from seeking leadership positions in business or government.

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People of different races may be voluntarily or forcibly segregated into different neighborhoods. In Bahrain, political leaders have outlined plans to force the country’s Southeast Asian population to move to parts of the country where they will not live in communities with ethnic Bahrainis. Because most of Bahrain’s Southeast Asian population is made up of immigrant laborers, this social boundary is also an economic one.

Social boundaries can also form along religious lines. The nation of Sudan has many distinct religious social boundaries. Northern Sudan is mostly Muslim, southwestern Sudan is mostly Christian, and southeastern Sudan has more followers of animism than the other two regions. Sudan suffered more than 20 years of civil war, and the southern part of the country voted to secede from Sudan as a separate nation, called South Sudan, in 2011.

Linguistic, economic, and social boundaries are not as sharply defined as political and natural boundaries. These types of boundaries are often transition zones.

Fast Fact

Maritime Boundary
A maritime boundary divides the ocean into areas controlled by different governments or no governments at all. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea establishes a maritime boundary no more than 200 nautical miles (370 kilometers/230 miles) from a nation’s coastline.

Fast Fact

Personal Boundary
Personal boundaries are the physical and emotional boundaries a person establishes around himself or herself. Different people have different boundaries: Some people reject most physical contact, such as a handshake, upon greeting. Other people embrace when they meet.

Fast Fact

Boundary Survey
A boundary survey establishes the exact property lines of a parcel of land. Boundary surveys are carried out by surveyors and engineers using historical records, field observations, and careful measurement.

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Boundary | National Geographic Society

Boundary | National Geographic Society

  • Author: nationalgeographic.org

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  • Sumary: A boundary is a real or imaginary line that separates two things. In geography, boundaries separate different regions of the Earth.

  • Matching Result: A boundary is a real or imaginary line that separates two things. In geography, boundaries separate different regions of the Earth.

  • Intro: Boundary | National Geographic SocietyThe most obvious type of boundary is a physical boundary. A physical boundary is a naturally occurring barrier between two areas. Rivers, mountain ranges, oceans, and deserts can all serve as physical boundaries. Many times, political boundaries between countries or states form along physical boundaries. For example, the boundary between France…
  • Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/boundary/

Frequently Asked Questions About what do geographers call areas whose residents share a common characteristic?

If you have questions that need to be answered about the topic what do geographers call areas whose residents share a common characteristic?, then this section may help you solve it.

What do we call regions that have a lot in common?

A region is a geographical area with shared characteristics, which may be either natural (such as climate or landscape) or artificial (such as language or religion).

What is a region that is characterized by a particular feature?

place. a specific space with both physical and symbolic meaning. formal region. a region characterized by a common characteristic, such as the production of a product.

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What feature unites all the regions?

A region is what connects places using any characteristic that you, as the human geographer, choose. That characteristic could be common traits such as culture, political system, religious beliefs, language, or physical features. Regions can be mapped and studied.

What objects fall under the geographic theme of place?

Physical characteristics include things like terrain, elevation above sea level, landforms, and climate. Human characteristics include things like a place’s culture and history.

What does it mean when traits are similar?

When two things or one thing and another are comparable, they share characteristics.

What is a region with similar geographic features that distinguish it from nearby regions?

A region is any area that has one or more characteristics that set it apart from nearby areas. These characteristics can be physical, like forests or grasslands, or they can be climatic, like a desert area.

What are the three categories of geographic regions?

There are three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular. Regions simply refer to spatial areas that share a common feature. The world can be divided into regions based on human and/or physical characteristics.

What is the one geography concept that refers to geographic regions with similar traits?

The word “region” refers to geographic regions with resemblances in their topography, climatic conditions, or human traits such as dialects, political divisions, religions, or occupations.

Do different regions have similar traits?

There are regions all over the world, with continents and oceans being the largest. Regions are geographic areas with similar characteristics that can be either natural or artificial.

Which geography topic demonstrates locations with similar traits?

Geographers describe a place by two kinds of characteristics: physical and human. The theme of place considers the characteristics that make one place unique from all other places on earth.

Which geography topic includes elements that give a place personality?

Geographers define a place by two types of characteristics: physical and human. The theme of place examines characteristics that set one location apart from all other locations on Earth.

What are location’s absolute and relative terms?

A relative location describes where something else is by using another, well-known feature as a reference point, whereas an absolute location describes a specific point on Earth or another defined space.

What area of geography examines how and why places resemble one another?

The fifth and final theme of geography is region, which seeks to explain how and why locations are similar. A region is defined as an area that shares common traits with other locations, such as a similar climate, industry, population, physical features, or vegetation.

What two qualities fall under geography?

Landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology are examples of physical properties that help to define a place. Examples of human characteristics include things like language, religion, political systems, economic systems, and population distribution.

What attributes do places have in geography?

A place’s physical characteristics, such as its landforms, elevation, water features, climate, soil, natural vegetation, and animal life, as well as its human characteristics, are what distinguish it from other places.

What qualifies as a place’s characteristic?

People, production, landforms, built environment components, soils, vegetation, communities, water resources, cultures, mineral resources, and landscape are some of the factors that make up a place’s geography. Some of these factors are visible, like rivers and buildings.

What does “character city” mean?

The group urges governments, government officials, civic groups, and religious institutions to work together to create a city or community of character by passing laws and honoring those who uphold moral principles.

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